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Aaron Evans
Aaron Evans

Wild Attraction 1992 46

(4) Not only local medicinal plant species but also the wild or endemic species are interesting for the future studies, in order to discover the novel phytochemical compounds to increase the alternative sources of raw material for medical and pharmaceutical applications.

wild attraction 1992 46

You'll see photographs of Frontier Town's unique construction, views of the attraction inside and out, and candid vintage snapshots of the staff and patrons, including some celebrities. There are photos and stories of the sometimes wild publicity events, which present John Quigley the showman in top form.

Following John's death from cancer in 1979, his daughter, Kitty Ann Quigley Taaler and her husband Aavo, moved to Frontier Town from their home in British Columbia to partner with John's widow Sue Quigley (Kitty Ann's Stepmother) in operating the attraction.

Despite financial offers from the Taalers, in 1992 Sue Quigley chose to sell Frontier Town to Denham Richard Pegg (1935-2011), who in 1994 auctioned off John Quigley's extensive western antique, art and heirloom collection, thereby destroying much of Frontier Town's unique culture and character.

As a result of the crisis of rationalism, what has appeared finally is nihilism. As a philosophy of nothingness, it has a certain attraction for people of our time. Its adherents claim that the search is an end in itself, without any hope or possibility of ever attaining the goal of truth. In the nihilist interpretation, life is no more than an occasion for sensations and experiences in which the ephemeral has pride of place. Nihilism is at the root of the widespread mentality which claims that a definitive commitment should no longer be made, because everything is fleeting and provisional.

20William Cronon, Nature'sMetropolis: Chicago and the Great West (New York, 1991) gives anintriguing analysis of the city-country relationship with respect tonineteenth century Chicago and its vast hinterland. On a much moremodest scale, Mount Rainier National Park seems to offer an outstandingexample of a city-wilderness relationship.

48Superintendent's Annual Report inHouse, 60th Cong., 2d sess., House Doc. No. 5, "Annual Report ofthe Secretary of the Interior," 1908, p.470. The snout of the glacierthen came within sight of the bridge and was a major attraction.Ricksecker described it appreciatively: "From the river crossing thefoot of the glacier looms up, a mass of delicate tinted snow capped ice,about 1000 feet distant. A few minutes walk brings one within the paleof its icy breath and touch of its coldness. Have a care, though, for awatchful eye is necessary to dodge the boulders hurled down from its topby this old giant in wrathful indignation against intrusion." Rickseckerto Millis, May 14, 1904, MORA, Folder H18 Eugene Ricksecker Papers.

26John A. Rutter to Regional Director,June 13, 1966, MORA, Administrative Files, File H2621 Annual Reports;Fish Management, Mount Rainier National Park, no date, University ofWashington, Brock Evans Papers, Accession No. 1776, Rainier NationalPark, Box 20; Gary L. Larson, Andy Wones, C. David McIntyre, and BarbaraSamora, "Limnology of Subalpine and High Mountain Forest Lakes, MountRainier National Park," National Park Service, Pacific Northwest Regionand Cooperative Park Studies Unit, Oregon State University, 1992.

10Regina M. Rochefort and Stephen T.Gibbons, "Mending the Meadow: High-Altitude Meadow Restoration in MountRainier National Park," Restoration and Management Notes, vol.10,no.2 (Winter 1992), pp.121-22.

1The Leopold Report was produced by theSpecial Advisory Board on Wildlife Management, a panel of fourscientists commissioned by Secretary of the Interior Stewart Udall toreview NPS wildlife policy; the report was named for the commission'schairman, A. Starker Leopold, a professor of zoology and son of thenoted ecologist, Aldo Leopold. The report's original title was "WildlifeManagement in the National Parks."

38Regina Rochefort interview, February9, 1995; Donald A. Swanson, Stephen D. Malone, and Barbara A. Samora,"Mount Rainier: A Decade Volcano," Eos, Transactions. AmericanGeophysical Union, vol. 73, no.16 (April 21, 1992), p.177.

CreditsL.1945, c. 169, p. 589, 5. Amended by L.1949, c. 11, p. 38, 3; L.1951, c. 64, p. 419, 3; L.1957, c. 66, p. 128, 2; L.1961, c. 106, p. 683, 2; L.1963, c. 40, 1; L.1966, c. 17, 1; L.1966, c. 254, 1, eff. Aug. 26, 1966; L.1972, c. 114, 1, eff. Aug. 1, 1972; L.1977, c. 122, 1, eff. June 6, 1977; L.1977, c. 456, 1, eff. March 2, 1978; L.1978, c. 137, 3, eff. Nov. 2, 1978; L.1979, c. 86, 1, eff. May 15, 1979; L.1980, c. 46, 4, eff. June 26, 1980; L.1981, c. 185, 1, eff. June 22, 1981; L.1983, c. 485, 3, eff. Jan. 17, 1984; L.1985, c. 303, 1, eff. Nov. 22, 1985; L.1986, c. 8, 1, eff. March 28, 1986; L.1991, c. 493, 1, eff. Jan. 18, 1992; L.1991, c. 519, 3, eff. Jan. 19, 1992; L.1992, c. 146, 4, eff. Nov. 20, 1992; L.1996, c. 126, 4, eff. Nov. 19, 1996; L.2003, c. 180, 6, eff. Jan. 1, 2004; L.2003, c. 246, 11, eff. July 10, 2004; L.2003, c. 293, 1, eff. Jan. 14, 2004; L.2004, c. 130, 37, eff. Aug. 27, 2004; L.2006, c. 100, 4; L.2006, c. 103, 87, eff. Feb. 19, 2007; L.2007, c. 325, 1, eff. Jan. 13, 2008; L.2009, c. 205, 1, eff. Jan. 15, 2010; L.2017, c. 131, 8, eff. July 21, 2017; L.2019, c. 272, 1, eff. Dec. 19, 2019; L.2019, c. 436, 2, eff. Jan. 21, 2020.

Through centuries of selective breeding, most recently through artificial insemination, domestic sheep have denser and longer wool than their wild forebears, which may require human intervention to maintain. Sheep with heavy fleeces of wool often develop stains or dags on their rear ends from faeces. In ewes, urine can also stain the wool. To avoid discomfort to the sheep and damage to the fleece, graziers remove the wool (and any dags) from the sheep.

Alaska is nicknamed "The Great Land," and for good reason: it is wild, rugged and expansive. In a series of articles, Smithsonian magazine explores the history, culture and natural wonders of the 49th state.

In Arctic and desert societies, year-round survival has traditionally depended on hunting animals and fish and collecting fruit over a relatively short season. However, as some inhabitants become Involved in tourism, they no longer have time to collect wild food; this has led to increasing dependence on bought food and stores. Tourism is not always the culprit behind such changes. All kinds of wage labour, or government handouts, tend to undermine traditional survival systems. Whatever the cause, the dilemma is always the same: what happens If these new, external sources of income dry up?

MATHEMATICS PRIZE: Dorothy Martin of the USA (who predicted the world would end in 1954), Pat Robertson of the USA (who predicted the world would end in 1982), Elizabeth Clare Prophet of the USA (who predicted the world would end in 1990), Lee Jang Rim of KOREA (who predicted the world would end in 1992), Credonia Mwerinde of UGANDA (who predicted the world would end in 1999), and Harold Camping of the USA (who predicted the world would end on September 6, 1994 and later predicted that the world will end on October 21, 2011), for teaching the world to be careful when making mathematical assumptions and calculations.

ECONOMICS: The Reverend Sun Myung Moon, for bringing efficiency and steady growth to the mass-marriage industry, with, according to his reports, a 36-couple wedding in 1960, a 430-couple wedding in 1968, an 1800-couple wedding in 1975, a 6000-couple wedding in 1982, a 30,000-couple wedding in 1992, a 360,000-couple wedding in 1995, and a 36,000,000-couple wedding in 1997.

Males of all polygynous deer species (Cervinae) give conspicuous calls during the reproductive season. The extreme interspecific diversity that characterizes these vocalizations suggests that they play a strong role in species discrimination. However, interbreeding between several species of Cervinae indicates permeable interspecific reproductive barriers. This study examines the contribution of vocal behavior to female species discrimination and mating preferences in two closely related polygynous deer species known to hybridize in the wild after introductions. Specifically, we investigate the reaction of estrous female red deer (Cervus elaphus) to playbacks of red deer vs. sika deer (Cervus nippon) male mating calls, with the prediction that females will prefer conspecific calls. While on average female red deer preferred male red deer roars, two out of twenty females spent more time in close proximity to the speaker broadcasting male sika deer moans. We suggest that this absence of strict vocal preference for species-specific mating calls may contribute to the permeability of pre-zygotic reproductive barriers observed between these species. Our results also highlight the importance of examining inter-individual variation when studying the role of female preferences in species discrimination and intraspecific mate selection.

According to the biological species concept, reproductive isolating mechanisms are integral to the process of speciation [1]. Pre-zygotic (pre-mating) isolating mechanisms often include species-specific signals in the context of mate attraction (to locate and identify appropriate mates) and mate competition (to identify and defend against potential mating competitors). When related allopatric species are brought together, breakdowns in accurately deciphering these species-specific signals can occur, leading to reduced reproductive barriers and increased hybridization [2]. In the case of mate choice, hybridization or introgression can occur if a female (or male) fails to correctly discriminate between the mating signals of conspecifics, heterospecifics, and hybrids, and ultimately mates with a non-conspecific. Hybrid matings can often reduce the reproductive success of the individuals involved through the loss of other mating opportunities and infertile or less fit hybrid offspring [3], [4], although hybrid offspring with increased fitness have also been documented [5]. Ultimately, hybridization and introgression play an important role in evolutionary processes either through species diversification or stabilization [3], [6], [7] with roughly 10% of animal species and 25% of plant species capable of hybridization [8]. Investigating the behavioral mechanisms involved in hybridization is therefore crucial both for conservation applications and a better understanding of speciation processes [2], [9]. 350c69d7ab


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